Environment and Breast Cancer: Science Review
Cancer studies: Mammary gland tumors
The list(s) or database(s) in which the chemical was identified as showing an increase in mammary gland tumors. CPDB: Carcinogenic Potency Database, IARC: International Agency for Research on Chemicals Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man summaries, NTP TR: National Toxicology Program (NTP) Technical Reports, NTP 11ROC: NTP 11th Report on Carcinogens, CCRIS: Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information Service.Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System
Mammary gland tumor summary
A summary of findings related to mammary gland tumors, most often excerpted from IARC Monographs or the NTP 11th ROC, and, in some cases, supplemented by our evaluation of individual studies and reviews, is available for the priority chemicals and 67 others.NTP 11ROC: From a section on multiple PAH chemicals: Female mice injected subcutaneously with progesterone showed decreased latent periods for the induction of mammary tumors by 3-methylcholanthrene. Rats receiving subcutaneous or intramuscular injections of progesterone had decreased latent periods and/or increased incidences of mammary tumors induced by oral administration of 3-methylcholanthrene or 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, but only when the known carcinogens were administered first. An increased incidence of mammary tumors was induced in female rats fed 2-acetylaminofluorene in the diet and injected intramuscularly with progesterone. Newborn female rats receiving a subcutaneous injection of progesterone and a subsequent intragastric instillation of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene developed increased incidences of mammary adenocarcinomas.
Citations to review sources and individual studies reporting mammary gland tumors are listed below.
National Library of Medicine. (CCRIS) Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System. [cited 2005 September 30]
National Toxicology Program 11th Report on Carcinogens, Table 1. Chemicals nominated to the National Toxicology Program for in-depth toxicological evaluation for carcinogenesis testing in fiscal years 1988-2003.